TREE Training course

The plastic sector

The role of the plastic in CE


Parker L. (2019). The world’s plastic pollution crisis explained. National Geographics. Environment – explainer. 

Knoblauch J.A. (2022). Environmental toll of plastics. Environmental Health News. 

Save the planet (2018). Isole di Plastica: ecco le sei più grandi al mondo (Eng.: Plastic islands: the six biggest ones in the world). 

Baztan J., Bergmann M., Booth A., Broglio E., Carrasco A., Chouinard O., Clüsener-Godt M., Cordier M., Cozar A., Devrieses L., Enevoldsen H., Ernsteins R., Ferreira-da-Costa M., Fossi M-C., Gago J., Galgani F., Garrabou J., Gerdts G., Gomez M., Gómez-Parra A., Gutow L., Herrera A., Herring C., Huck T., Huvet A., Ivar do Sul J-A., Jorgensen B., Krzan A., Lagarde F., Liria A., Lusher A., Miguelez A., Packard T., Pahl S., Paul-Pont I., Peeters D., Robbens J., Ruiz-Fernández A-C., Runge J., Sánchez-Arcilla A., Soudant P., Surette C., Thompson R.C., Veldés L., Vanderlinden J-P., Wallace N. (2017). Breaking Down the Plastic Age. 10.1016/B978-0-12-812271-6.00170-8. 

Prata J.C., da Costa J.P., Lopes I., Andrady A.L., Duartea A.C., Rocha-Santosa T., (2021). A One Health perspective of the impacts of microplastics on animal, human and environmental health. Science of The Total Environment. Volume 777, 10 July 2021, 146094. 

The European Commission (2018). The plastic strategy.’s%20plastics%20strategy%20aims,the%20environment%20and%20human%20health

Close C. (2021). The global eco-wakening: how consumers are driving sustainability. World Economic Forum. 

Plastics Europe – Association of plastic manufacturers (2021). THE CIRCULAR ECONOMY FOR PLASTICS. Brussel, Belgium. 

PACE – Platform for Accelerating the Circular Economy (n.d.). The plastics programme. 

Ellen MacArthur Foundation (n.d.). The circular economy solution to plastic pollution. Perspective on ‘Breaking the Plastic Wave’ study – Ellen MacArthur Foundation website. 

Almanac (2022). Which Plastics Are Recyclable By Number? Households – back to basic living.

Dassault Systemes (n.d.) Introduction to Plastic. 3DEXPERIENCE Make. Consulted on 23rd August 2022.

Types of plastics (microplastic)


A&C plastic Inc, 7 Different Types of Plastic

Damian Carrington, March 2022 Microplastics found in human blood for first time 

Microplastics found in human blood for first time | Plastics | The Guardian

Faye Haslam, 2022, The big problem of microplastics

The big problem of microplastics – University of Nottingham – The University of Nottingham

Group of Chief Scientific Advisors, June 2019, Environmental and Health Risks of Microplastic Pollution

UNEP FRONTIERS 2016 REPORT, Microplastics: Trouble in the Food Chain

Alternatives for plastic packaging


Roxana Gheorghita, Gheorghe Gutt and Sonia Amariei, February 2020. The Use of Edible Films Based on Sodium Alginate in Meat Product Packaging: An Eco-Friendly Alternative to Conventional Plastic Materials

Barbara E. Teixeira-Costa, ORCID andCristina T. Andrade, December 2021. Natural Polymers Used in Edible Food Packaging—History, Function and Application Trends as a Sustainable Alternative to Synthetic Plastic.

Nwosu-Obieogu Kenechi, Chiemenem Linus, Adekunle Kayode, October 2016. Utilization of Rice Husk as Reinforcement in Plastic Composites Fabrication- A Review

Amber Charles, 2021 – 5 Types of Eco-Friendly Food Packaging (and 3 to Avoid)

Nathan Dube, 2020 – Exploring Plastic Packaging Alternatives: Pros And Cons

EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 94/62/EC of 20 December 1994 on packaging and packaging waste

Plastic waste management


Achyut Panda, 2010. Thermolysis of waste plastics to liquid fuel: A suitable method for plastic waste management and manufacture of value added products–A world prospective   – Thermolysis of waste plastics to liquid fuel: A suitable method for plastic waste management and manufacture of value added products—A world prospective – ScienceDirect

Christopher Igwe and  Iheoma C. Nwuzor Novel,  Trends in plastic waste management,  Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019 – Novel trends in plastic waste management | SpringerLink

Govind Pandey, 2013. A Review of Plastic Waste Management Strategies, Javeriya Siddiqui and  – Microsoft Word – 14.ISCA-ORJEvS-2013-247 (

Environmental-friendly practices at the workplace


Taofeeq D. Moshood, Gusman Nawanir, Fatimah Mahmud, Fazeeda Mohamad, Mohd Hanafiah Ahmad, Airin AbdulGhani, Sustainability of biodegradable plastics: New problem or solution to solve the global plastic pollution?, Current Research in Green and Sustainable Chemistry, Volume 5, 2022, 100273, ISSN 2666-0865, (

OECD (2022) Plastic pollution is growing relentlessly as waste management and recycling fall short, says OECD 

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and Food Industry Asia (FIA) 2020

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