TREE Training course

Circular Economy; Education for Sustainable development (ESD), Sustainability

Overview on climate change


National Centres for Environmental Information (2020). What’s the difference between weather and climate? Available at:,time%20in%20a%20specific%20area

NASA (2017). NASA – What’s the difference between Weather and Climate? Available at: 

The United Nations (n.d.). What is Climate Change? Available at: 

Climate Change Knowledge Portal (n.d.). What is Climate change? Available at: 

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, IPCC. (2022). Climate Change 2022: Mitigation of Climate Change. Working Group III Report. Available at: 

Thomson P. and the United Nations (2021). Interview: Moving the needle on the sustainable blue economy. Climate Action. Available at: 

The United Nations (n.d.) Climate Action Fast Facts. Climate Action, Digital Library. Available at: 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2022). Climate Effects on Health. Available at:,and%20threats%20to%20mental%20health

United Nations University (2015). 5 facts on climate migrants. Institute for Environment and Human Security, Bonn. Available at: 

The World Bank (n.d.). Social dimensions of climate change. Available at: 

Trimarchi M. (2012). Top 10 worst effects of global warming. Sustainability Org. Available at: 

Costa F. (2022). California – La fine del sogno. Strade Blu – Mondadori S.p.A. Milano, ISBN 9788835720362

Concept of sustainability


Lisa J. Sonter Sharon Kemp (2021) Connecting the UNESCO Sustainable Development Goals with Australian Early Childhood Education Policy to Transform Practice. International Journal of Early Childhood Environmental Education Copyright © North American Association for Environmental Education ISSN: 2331-0464 (online)

Kotob, Fadi & MPM, & BComm/BIS, & ADipIT, & DipIT,. (2011). What Is Sustainability?.

Anne P.M. Velenturf, Phil Purnell, Principles for a sustainable circular economy, Sustainable Production and Consumption, Volume 27, 2021, Pages 1437-1457, ISSN 2352-5509,

Vogt, M., & Weber, C. (2019). Current challenges to the concept of sustainability. Global Sustainability, 2, E4. doi:10.1017/sus.2019.1  

Website Green Economy,of%20biodiversity%20and%20ecosystem%20services

Overview on Circular Economy


Bear I., Edgerton B., Hirsch P., Kraanen F., Plomp R., Ramkumar S., Walrecht A. (2018), Linear Risks, Circle Economy, PGGM, KPMG, WBCSD and EBRD.

Ellen MacArthur Foundation (n.d.), What is circular economy? Ellen Macarthur Foundation website – Overview.

Crippa C.M., Drąsutė V. (2022). Circular Economy, Education for Sustainable Development and Green skills: T(h)REE elements for a better future. Lithuania. Kaunas University of Technologies, Public Institution “eMundus” 

CESME Interreg Europe & European Regional Development Funds (n.d.). 1.3 Environmental, Social and Economic Benefits of the Transition from Linear to Circular Economy. 

Lombard Odier (2020). The 10 steps to a circular economy. Rethink sustainability. 

The Clique Project. 

Ellen MacArthur Foundation (n.d.), Featured circular economy examples: Cities. Ellen Macarthur Foundation website. 

Bahraini A. (2021). The 5 Common Obstacles in Implementing Circular Economy. Waste Management. Waste4Change,implements%20the%20circular%20economy%20concept

Stanislaus M. (2018). Reasons the World Wastes So Much Stuff (and Why It’s Not Just the Consumer’s Fault). World Resources Institute. 

Rubbish P. (2018). Recycling, Upcycling, Repurposing, What’s the Difference? Rubbish Removal.,different%20%27purpose%27%20hence%20repurposing 

ReTrace (2019) Circular Economy and the 6 REs. ESR Blog. 

Cambridge Dictionary, checked on 19/09/2022. Definition of reuse and repair

Green skills and employability (jobs of the future)


A blueprint for green workforce transformation, Deloitte, available at:

Arthur, C., (2022), What are Green Skills?, United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO) , available at:,sustainable%20and%20resource%2Defficient%20society

European Commission, Green Skills, available at:

Generic Green Skills for TVET: Teaching and Learning Resources lls, (2019), available at:

Global Green skills report, (2022), Chapter 1: Green skills and jobs, LinkedIn Economic Graph, pp.5-15.

OECD/Cedefop (2014), Greener Skills and Jobs, OECD Green Growth Studies, OECD Publishing, Paris,

Pavlova, M. (2018) Fostering inclusive, sustainable economic growth and ‘green’ skills development in learning cities through partnerships. International Review of Education: Journal of Lifelong learning 64 (3), 339-354

Digitalization and sustainability


Maria E. Mondejar, Ram Avtar, Heyker Lellani Baños Diaz, Rama Kant Dubey, Jesús Esteban, Abigail Gómez-Morales, Brett Hallam, Nsilulu Tresor Mbungu, Chukwuebuka Christopher Okolo, Kumar Arun Prasad, Qianhong She, Sergi Garcia-Segura, Digitalization to achieve sustainable development goals: Steps towards a Smart Green Planet, Science of The Total Environment, Volume 794, 2021, 148539, ISSN 0048-9697,

Sezen Aksin-Sivrikaya and C.B. Bhattacharya. Where Digitalization Meets Sustainability: Opportunities and Challenges Springer International Publishing AG 2017 T. Osburg, C. Lohrmann (eds.), Sustainability in a Digital World, CSR, Sustainability, Ethics & Governance, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-54603-2_3 

Emmanuel Kwame Nti, Samuel Jerry Cobbina, Eunice Efua Attafuah, Evelyn Opoku, Michael Amoah Gyan, Environmental sustainability technologies in biodiversity, energy, transportation and water management using artificial intelligence: A systematic review, Sustainable Futures, Volume 4, 2022, 100068, ISSN 2666-1888,


Overview of sharing economy principles


Maci L. (2022). Sharing economy, cosa è (e perché è difficile dire cosa è) (eng. “Sharing economy, what it is (and why it is so difficult to define it)”). EconomyUp. 

Munichiello K., Scott G., Investopedia Team (2020). Sharing Economy.

Fundamental analysis, Sectors and industries.,a%20community%2Dbased%20online%20platform

Lovick S. (2020). What Is The Sharing Economy? BusinessBecause (BB).

Morris D.Z. (2016). Today’s Cars Are Parked 95% of the Time. Fortune – Tech Transformation. 

Hossain M. (2020). Sharing economy: A comprehensive literature review. International Journal of Hospitality Management, Volume 87, 102470 

The Telegraph (2010). Ten-year-olds have £7,000 worth of toys but play with just £330. 

Oxford Advanced Learners’ Dictionary (n.d.). Sharing Economy 

Kumar R. (2021). On-demand economy: A short-term trend or a high-time revolution. Jungleworks.,top%20of%20existing%20infrastructure%20networks

Minami A.L., Ramos C., Bruscato Bortoluzzo A. (2021). Sharing economy versus collaborative consumption: What drives consumers in the new forms of exchange? Journal of Business Research Volume 128, May 2021, Pages 124-137.

Amit, S., Kafy, A . A content-based analysis to identify the influence of COVID-19 on sharing economy activities. Spat. Inf. Res. 30, 321–333 (2022).

Hossain M. (2020). The effect of the Covid-19 on sharing economy activities. Journal of Cleaner Production. Volume 280, Part 1, 20 January 2021, 124782. 

Shor J. (2014). Debating the Sharing Economy. Great Transition Initiative – Toward a transformative vision and praxis. 

Dabbous A., Tarhini A. (2020). Does sharing economy promote sustainable economic development and energy efficiency? Evidence from OECD countries. Journal of Innovation & Knowledge. Volume 6, Issue 1, January–March 2021, Pages 58-68.

Waste management and regulations


Waste and recycling, Environment, European Commission, as seen at:

Waste, Eurostat, as seen at:

Directorate-General for Environment, (2022), Waste and recycling: Commission seeks views on revision of the Waste Framework Directive, European Commission, as seen at:

Waste prevention and management, European Commission, as seen at:

Water management


Handl, S., et al, 2020. Chapter 7: Geoethics and water management. Teaching  Geoethics. Resources for higher education. 

ISBN 987-989-746-254-2; doi 10.24840/978-989-746-254-2.

United nations. Sustainable development goals.


Haidvogl, G., 2018. Historic Milestones of Human River Uses and Ecological Impacts. In S. Schmutz & J. Sendzimir (Eds.), Riverine Ecosystem Management: Science for Governing Towards a Sustainable Future (pp. 19-39). Cham: Springer International

Schmutz, S., & Moog, O. (2018). Chapter 6: Dams: Ecological Impacts and Management. In: Schmutz, S., & Sendzimir, J. (Eds., 2018). Riverine Ecosystem Management – Science for Governing Towards a Sustainable Future. Aquatic Ecology Series Volume 8, Springer Open), pp. 111-127. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Nasa Science. Share the science. Water Cycle.


Oki, Taikan & Entekhabi, Dara & Harrold, T.. (2004). The global water cycle. Washington DC American Geophysical Union Geophysical Monograph Series. 225-237. 10.1029/150GM18.


Science Learning Hub. River Ecosystems.


Reham M. Abu Shmeis, Water Pollutant, Water Chemistry and Microbiology, Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry,  Volume 81, 2018, Pages 1-56,ISSN 0166-526X, ISBN 9780444640642,

Palmer, M.A., Lettenmaier, D.P., Poff, N.L. et al. Climate Change and River Ecosystems: Protection and Adaptation Options. Environmental Management 44, 1053–1068 (2009). 

Shiv Narayan Nishad, Naresh Kumar; Virtual water trade and its implications on water sustainability. Water Supply 1 February 2022; 22 (2): 1704–1715. doi:

Water footprint calculator. What is Virtual Water?


Crouch, L.M., Jacobs, H.E., Speight, L. (2021). Defining domestic water consumption based on personal water use activities. . Journal of Water Supply: Research and Technology-Aqua 1 November 2021; 70 (7): 1002–1011. doi:

Water Science School. Where is Earth’s Water? 2018.



Regulation (EU) 2017/1369 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 July 2017 setting a framework for energy labelling and repealing Directive 2010/30/EU (Text with EEA relevance. ) 

C2C Platform is an experienced assessment body for Cradle to Cradle Certified® products 

European standards

Eco-marketing strategies


Kadyan, Jagbir. (2011). Green Marketing: Concepts & Applications. Global Journal of Business Management. 5. 71 to 76.

R.M. Dangelico, D. Vocalelli (2017)  “Green Marketing”: An analysis of definitions, strategy steps, and tools through a systematic review of the literature// Journal of Cleaner Production 165 (2017) 1263e1279

Eneizan, Bilal. (2019). Green Marketing Strategies: Theoretical Approach. 10.31150/ajebm.Vol2.Iss2.72.

Taghian, Mehdi & Polonsky, Michael & D’Souza, Clare. (2016). Green marketing strategies.

Eco-labelling (consumer understanding)


Global Ecolabelling Network. (2022). GEN is the leading network of the world’s most robust ecolabels.

European Commission. (2022). What is the EU Ecolabel?

European Commission. (2022). About the EU Ecolabel.

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